Potential Tools to Help Protect Against the Coronavirus (COVID-19)

Coronavirus Blog

On Wednesday, March 11 the World Health Organization (WHO) declared the coronavirus a pandemic (Ref. 1). In order to prevent the spread, everyone must practice increased hygiene and social distancing. As an added protection, certain air filtration systems and containment hoods can aid in combatting the spread of this infectious disease.

General Protection Tips Against the Coronavirus

According to the Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, employees can practice these essential steps to help prevent the spread of the coronavirus (Ref. 2):
• Sneeze and cough into a tissue or your elbow.
• Throw away used tissues immediately.
• Wash your hands often with soap and water or use hand sanitizer for at least 20 seconds.
• Avoid touching your face especially with dirty hands.
• Stay home if you are sick or have a fever.
• Practice social distancing by avoiding large groups (10+) and keeping a distance from individuals.

Employers can help protect employee safety by:
• Supplying necessary cleaning supplies to sanitize work areas and keep up personal hygiene.
• Disinfect frequently touched surfaces.
• Make sure ventilation systems are working properly.
• Allow employees to work from home if able.
• Improve sick leave policies to encourage employees to stay home when sick.
• Make plans on how to function your business during pandemics.

ULPA Filters to Help Combat the Spread of Coronavirus

ULPA filters in air filtration systems and ductless fume hoods may help combat the spread of the coronavirus. ULPA filters offer up to 99.9995% efficiency on particles down to 0.12 microns. The coronavirus is approximately 0.06 to 0.14 microns in size (Ref. 3). ULPA filters may remove some of the virus particles due to the way they are spread and a filtration method called diffusion.

The coronavirus and other respiratory viruses such as influenza spread mainly through aerosol from sneezes and coughs of an infected individual (Ref. 4). This aerosol contains large and small droplets (<10 microns) with viruses detected in both size particles (Ref. 5). Large particle aerosol mainly affects people in close proximity (within 3 – 5 feet) to the infected person. Influenza, rhinovirus, and adenoviruses spread through large particle aerosol. Smaller particle aerosol (<10 microns) remain airborne for much longer than large particles and can easily be inhaled by people in the same room. These small particle aerosols can be more distantly spread due to air currents and can cause rapid outbreaks (Ref. 4). According to a study done by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases’ Laboratory of Virology in the Division of Intramural Research in Hamilton, Montana, coronaviruses can remain in the air for up to 3 hours (Ref. 6). To prevent airborne transmission of viruses, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends the use of negative pressure ventilation and N95 respirators (Ref. 4).

ULPA filters work with filtration systems to draw in these airborne drops to capture and remove most of them from the airflow. The ULPA’s efficiency states down to 0.12 microns, but these filters can also capture some of the very small particles through diffusion. Diffusion, or the Brownian method, states that very small particles (<0.1 microns) move in a random path due to collision with zigzagging gas molecules and may end up sticking to the filter’s fibers. This principle mainly occurs for a slower airflow.

ULPA Filters for Room Air Filtration

Coronavirus Prevention for Hospitals

Hospital rooms can benefit from ULPA air filtration
(Picture Source)

Hospitals, doctor’s offices, and other public areas may benefit from the use of ULPA filters in room air filtration systems. These systems draw in respiratory droplets and other airborne particulate to act as an added protection against the spread of germs. This could also be useful in vulnerable populations such as nursing homes to help protect others from infection.



ULPA Filters for Temporary Testing Centers

Coronavirus Protection for Testing Centers

Temporary Testing Centers can benefit from ULPA filtration
(Picture Source)

ULPA filters can be used in room air filtration systems to create a negative pressure environment for temporary popup tents used for coronavirus testing. By using temporary tents with high quality filtration, medical professionals can easily set up high demand coronavirus testing centers that may have added protection.



ULPA Filters for Containment Hoods

Coronavirus Containment Hoods

Testing Samples can be stored in Containment Devices
with ULPA filtration

ULPA filters provide additional filtration in containment hoods or ductless fume hoods when working with testing samples. During testing, healthcare workers need a secure storage area to place samples and blood vials before shipping out for analysis. Ductless Fume Hoods with ULPA filters help contain the sample and may help to reduce exposure to health care workers or other nearby patients. These systems filter out particulate and create a recirculating air flow pattern by releasing filtered air back into the surrounding room.



Added Protection Solutions

Sentry Air Systems offers air filtration systems and ductless fume hoods to help protect your facility.

Portable Room Air Cleaners

Portable Air Room Cleaner for Coronavirus Protection Best Use:
• Room air filtration for hospitals, offices, shared workspaces, and doctor’s offices.
• Air filtration in popup tents for temporary testing centers

Benefits:
• Compact and portable
• Removes particulate from the airflow
• Creates a recirculating airflow pattern
• Energy efficient
• Long filter life
• Low maintenance

Recommended Filters: ULPA Filters (up to 99.9995% efficiency on particles down to 0.12 microns)

Air Volume:
Model 200 – up to 100 CFM
Model 300 – up to 350 CFM
Model 400 – up to 700 CFM


Learn More about Portable Room Air Cleaners - Coronavirus


Ambient Air Cleaner (SS-700-FH)

Ambient Air Cleaner for Coronavirus Protection Best Use: Ambient air filtration for large warehouses, workspaces, grocery stores and other retail locations, hospitals, and waiting rooms.

Benefits:
• Quad filtration chamber – pre-filter, 2 main filters, and post filter
• Energy efficient
• Long filter life
• Mounting options – hang from the ceiling, mounted flush with wall, and on fume extractor stand (shown)

Recommended Filters:
• ULPA Filters (up to 99.9995% efficiency on particles down to 0.12 microns)
• HEPA Filters (up to 99.97% efficiency on particles down to 0.3 microns)

Air Volume: up to 770 CFM

Learn More about Ambient Air Cleaners - Coronavirus


Ductless Fume Hoods

Ductless Fume Hood for Coronavirus Protection Best Use: Containment device for testing samples in clinics, doctor’s offices, hospitals, pop-up testing centers, and anywhere else testing is available.

Benefits:
• Ductless – creates recirculating air flow
• Protects workers from exposure
• Variety of sizes for different size workspaces
• Dual filtration options available for added protection

Recommended Filters:
• ULPA Filters (up to 99.9995% efficiency on particles down to 0.12 microns)
• Dual HEPA Filters (up to 99.97% efficiency on particles down to 0.3 microns)

Inlet Velocities:
Model 200 – up to 100 FPM
Model 300 – up to 200 FPM

Models & Sizes:
Model 200 – 12”, 18”, 24”
Model 300 – 24”, 30”, 40”, 50”, 60”, 70”

Learn More about Ductless Fume Hoods - Coronavirus

Sentry Air Systems is here during these hard times to help your facility with additional protection.

Call us today at 1-800-799-4609


Please note: These systems are meant as a secondary protection device and not meant as a primary solution. The systems provide a safety precaution to assist in the protection against harmful airborne agents.


References

1. “Coronavirus confirmed as pandemic by World Health Organization.” BBC News, 11 March 2020, https://www.bbc.com/news/world-51839944.

2. “Coronavirus.” Candian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, 23 March 2020, https://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/diseases/coronavirus.html.

3. Robertson, Paddy. “Can Air Purifiers Filter Out The Coronavirus?.” Smart Air Filters,06 Feb 2020, https://smartairfilters.com/en/blog/can-air-purifiers-filter-out-the-coronavirus/.

4. Meissner, H. Cody. “How are respiratory viruses transmitted?” AAP News, 2014 Jan. https://www.aappublications.org/content/35/1/1.2.

5. Cowling, Benjamin J et al. “Aerosol transmission is an important mode of influenza A virus spread.” Nature communications vol. 4 (2013): 1935. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3682679/.

6. “Coronavirus Resource Center,” Harvard Health Publishing: Harvard Medical School. 2020 Mar 24. https://www.health.harvard.edu/diseases-and-conditions/coronavirus-resource-center.